Freshwater Archive

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    Bottled water: Cheers!

    In places and times when clean drinking water was a scarce commodity, people came up with ways of making drinks safer, from boiling water and making coffee, tea and herbal...

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  • (R) Joe Ravi CC BY SA 3.0

    Bottled water: Slowing down

    According to recent data, the increase in the US bottled water market is expected to be smaller this decade. On university campuses across the continent, student movements are encouraging administrations...

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  • T R UNEP Topham

    Bottled water: The environmental consequences

    There’s no question that the growing demand for bottled water – currently about 114 billion cubic metres per year – is an environmental issue. Withdrawal of mineral or spring water...

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    Bottled water: Who drinks bottled water?

    In some p laces, bottled water really is the safe option, particularly in the developing world. But bottled water is mostly consumed in industrialized countries where it is least needed....

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  • David Iliff CC BY SA 3.0

    Bottled water

    Today, according to the United Nations, almost 90 per cent of all people have access to clean drinking water. This is, however, a fairly recent phenomenon, even in the developed...

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  • (R)  City of Fayetteville Arkansas

    Managing human waste: Natural fertilizers

    For millennia, people around the world have used human excreta on fields as fertilizer, making good use of the energy and nutrients it contains, such as nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus....

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    Managing human waste: Japanese enterprise

    The Japanese are highly imaginative when it comes to finding good uses for human waste. Brick house The Fujimi Tile Company of Nagoya, Japan, has invented a process for manufacturing...

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  • (R) heidigoseek CC BY NC SA 2.0

    Managing human waste: Using the natural world

    Compost toilets use no water, instead dehydrating waste using sawdust, ash, grass, straw or peat. Organisms such as worms and aerobic bacteria break waste down into liquid and solid organic...

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  • reinvention

    Managing human waste: Reinventing the toilet

    Providing clean and safe sanitation can really transform people’s lives, reducing diarrhoea in children by a third and increasing school attendance, particularly for girls – amongst other benefits. And at...

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  • Print

    Managing human waste: Flushing away gold?

    No one likes to talk about the management of human waste, but it’s a life-or-death matter that links human and environmental health. And at a time when freshwater and energy...

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